Australia’s species extinction crisis in numbers: 2019

Melville J., Chaplin K., Hutchinson M. et al. (2019) Taxonomy and conservation of grassland earless dragons: new species and an assessment of the first possible extinction of a reptile on mainland Australia. R. Soc. Open. Sci. 6, 190233.

Aim: 
To provide an assessment of the taxonomy of grassland earless dragon lizards (Agamidae: Tympanocryptis) of southeastern Australia
Type of Study: 
Research paper
Key Results: 
On the basis of phylogeography (mtDNA), phylogenetics, external morphology, and micro X-ray CT scans, the authors redefine the distributions of two species and name two new species. They highlight that one species, Tympanocryptis pinguicolla, has not been confidentally sighted since 1969, and may therefore be the first reptile extinction recorded on mainland Australia.
Reviewer: 
Dale Nimmo
Full Reference: 
Melville J., Chaplin K., Hutchinson M. et al. (2019) Taxonomy and conservation of grassland earless dragons: new species and an assessment of the first possible extinction of a reptile on mainland Australia. R. Soc. Open. Sci. 6, 190233.