Climate change: underwater forest decline

Bates A. E., Pecl G. T., Frusher S., Hobday A. J., Wernberg T., Smale D. A., Sunday J. M., Hill N. A., Dulvy N. K., Colwell R. K., Holbrook N. J., Fulton E. A., Slawinski D., Feng M., Edgar G. J., Radford B. T., Thompson P. A. & Watson R. A. (2014) Defini

Aim: 
Clarify the processes of range contraction and extension; identify and describe different stages of each
Type of Study: 
Global review
Key Results: 
Range extensions occur as a sequence of (1) arrival, (2) population increase, and (3) persistence. By contrast, range contractions occur progressively as (1) performance decline, (2) population decrease and (3) local extinction.
Treatments: 
n/a
Response: 
n/a
Models: 
Discusses different sampling approaches and analytical frameworks
Reviewer: 
Thomas Wernberg
Locations: 
Generic context, Australian examples
Response variable : 
n/a
Replication: 
n/a
Ecosystem: 
Marine examples but most concepts are generic
Full Reference: 
Bates A. E., Pecl G. T., Frusher S., Hobday A. J., Wernberg T., Smale D. A., Sunday J. M., Hill N. A., Dulvy N. K., Colwell R. K., Holbrook N. J., Fulton E. A., Slawinski D., Feng M., Edgar G. J., Radford B. T., Thompson P. A. & Watson R. A. (2014) Defining and observing stages of climate-mediated range shifts in marine systems. Global Environ Change 26, 27-38.