Climate change: underwater forest decline

Vergés A., Steinberg P. D., Hay M. E., Poore A. G. B., Campbell A. H., Ballesteros E., Heck K. L., Booth D. J., Coleman M. A., Feary D. A., Figueira W., Langlois T., Marzinelli E. M., Mizerek T., Mumby P. J., Nakamura Y., Roughan M., van Sebille E., Gupt

Aim: 
Conceptual paper proposing a new type of phase-shift away from macroalgal dominance in temperate reefs and mediated by increased herbivory due to the range expansion and increased feeding rates of tropical/ warm-temperate species
Type of Study: 
Global review
Key Results: 
Overgrazing of temperate macroalgae by tropical herbivorous fishes has already occurred in Japan and the Mediterranean. Emerging evidence suggests similar phenomena are occurring in other temperate reefs, with increasing occurrence of tropical fishes on temperate reefs.
Treatments: 
n/a
Response: 
n/a
Models: 
n/a
Reviewer: 
Adriana Vergés
Locations: 
Worldwide
Response variable : 
n/a
Replication: 
n/a
Ecosystem: 
Temperate reef
Full Reference: 
Vergés A., Steinberg P. D., Hay M. E., Poore A. G. B., Campbell A. H., Ballesteros E., Heck K. L., Booth D. J., Coleman M. A., Feary D. A., Figueira W., Langlois T., Marzinelli E. M., Mizerek T., Mumby P. J., Nakamura Y., Roughan M., van Sebille E., Gupta A. S., Smale D. A., Tomas F., Wernberg T. & Wilson S. K. (2014) The tropicalization of temperate marine ecosystems: climate-mediated changes in herbivory and community phase shifts. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281.