Conceptual paper proposing a new type of phase-shift away from macroalgal dominance in temperate reefs and mediated by increased herbivory due to the range expansion and increased feeding rates of tropical/ warm-temperate species
Type of Study:
Overgrazing of temperate macroalgae by tropical herbivorous fishes has already occurred in Japan and the Mediterranean. Emerging evidence suggests similar phenomena are occurring in other temperate reefs, with increasing occurrence of tropical fishes on temperate reefs.
Response variable :
Vergés A., Steinberg P. D., Hay M. E., Poore A. G. B., Campbell A. H., Ballesteros E., Heck K. L., Booth D. J., Coleman M. A., Feary D. A., Figueira W., Langlois T., Marzinelli E. M., Mizerek T., Mumby P. J., Nakamura Y., Roughan M., van Sebille E., Gupta A. S., Smale D. A., Tomas F., Wernberg T. & Wilson S. K. (2014) The tropicalization of temperate marine ecosystems: climate-mediated changes in herbivory and community phase shifts. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281.