Climate change: underwater forest decline

Wernberg T., Russell B. D., Moore P. J., Ling S. D., Smale D. A., Campbell A., Coleman M. A., Steinberg P. D., Kendrick G. A. & Connell S. D. (2011) Impacts of climate change in a global hotspot for temperate marine biodiversity and ocean warming. J Exp M

Aim: 
To review known changes in Australia's temperate reef ecosystems that might have been forced by climate change and variability, and to forecast future change that might be managed by policy
Type of Study: 
Regional review
Key Results: 
There are many examples of impacts that might have been forced by climate change, all of which relate to temperature and interactions with other stressors. There is a severe lack of appropriate base line data. Due to Australia's (bio)geography, further change will likely result in extinction of unique species.
Treatments: 
n/a
Response: 
Management of local and regional-scale (nutrients, pollution, fishing, etc) stresses may increase the resistance of temperate marine communities to climate stressors and as such, provides an attractive tool for building resilience in temperate systems
Models: 
n/a
Reviewer: 
Thomas Wernberg
Locations: 
Temperate Australia
Response variable : 
Temperate reef biota; species-level and community level evidence is reviewed.
Replication: 
n/a
Ecosystem: 
Temperate reef
Full Reference: 
Wernberg T., Russell B. D., Moore P. J., Ling S. D., Smale D. A., Campbell A., Coleman M. A., Steinberg P. D., Kendrick G. A. & Connell S. D. (2011) Impacts of climate change in a global hotspot for temperate marine biodiversity and ocean warming. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 400, 7-16.