To advocate for the adoption of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) as a means to achieve sustainable development in developing countries.
Type of Study:
The limitations of project-based environmental impact assessments are outlined. A range of considerations for implementing SEAs are also presented, including application of SEAs at local levels, and the need for training, flexible systems, further scientific research to support SEAs, and extensive public participation.
Effective implementation of SEA can create a roadmap for sustainable development. In many developing countries, the lack of transparency and accountability and ineffective public participation in the development of the policy, plan and program (PPP) would be mitigated by the SEA process. Moreover, the proactive and broadly based characteristics of SEA would benefit the institutional development of the PPP process, which is rarely experienced in many developing countries. Recommends a coordinated effort between all government, nongovernment and international organizations involved with PPPs to enable developing countries to pursue a path of sustainable development through the development and application of strategic environmental assessment.
global, with a focus on developing countries. Mentions Asia, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Pakistan, China, etc.
Alshuwaikhat H. M. (2005) Strategic environmental assessment can help solve environmental impact assessment failures in developing countries. Environ Impact Asses 25, 307-17.